The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

The high, arid plateau stretches more than 80km (50miles) between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana about 400 km south of Lima. Although some local geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, scholars believe the Nasca Lines were created by the Nasca culture between 400 and 650 AC. The hundreds of individual figures range in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks or orcas, llamas, and lizards.

The lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the ubiquitous reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath. Hundreds are simple lines or geometric shapes. More than seventy are designs of animal, bird, fish or human figures.

The largest figures are over 200m (660ft) across. Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs, but they generally ascribe religious significance to them. The geometric ones possibly indicate the flow of water or connect to rituals to summon water. The spiders, birds, and plants could be fertility symbols. Other possible explanations include: irrigation schemes or giant astronomical calendars. Due to the dry, windless and stable climate of the plateau and its isolation, for the most part the lines have been preserved. Extremely rare changes in weather may temporarily alter the general designs.


Flight over the Nazca Pampa, which shelters enigmatic lines drawn in the desert, they were used by former Peruvians to represent altars and dedicate rituals and sacrifices to the gods.

  • Duration
  • Two hours
  • Activity Type
  • Culture and soft adventure
  • Transport 
  • Bus and plane
  • Level 
  • Easy

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